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Graphematic correlations (INFO?)

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Changes and News
Date News
Thursday, 8 August 2019

Added leaves 1-5 and 14-16 of Reynisstaðarbók (AM 764 4to) with complete annotation, based on the transcription prepared by Patrick Aaron Farrugia.

Wednesday, 12 June 2019

Implemented correct mark-up for direct speech (using <q/> elements in accordance with the TEI and Menota recommendations)

Fixed a small bug in the rendering of affiliations in the <respStmt/> element of the TEI header. It is now possible for affiliations to stretch across multiple lines in the XML file, but all whitespace will be rendered as a single space in the JavaScript file.

Saturday, 1 June 2019

Added page 5r of AM 45 fol. (Codex Frisianus) to the database.

Monday, 7 May 2019

Added NRA 70 (A fragment of Agǫtu saga) to the database, prepared by Nina Stensaker.

Monday, 6 May 2019

Added NRA 51 (A fragment of Fagrskinna) to the database, prepared by Nina Stensaker.

Sunday, 28 April 2019

Added leaves 1-4 of AM 45 fol. (Codex Frisianus) with complete annotation to the database.

Completed annotation of the transcribed parts of AM 764 4to (Reynistaðarbók).

Minor changes to graphematic correlation rules. Defective exponence (i.e. a sound position without exponent) is assumed more often.

Wednesday, 21 November 2018

Completed punctuation in the transcribed parts of AM 619 fol.

Completed annotation of NRA 61 in collaboration with Nina Stensaker.

Implemented the emʀooɴ namespace. It is assigned the prefix "em:" and the URI "".

Updated MenotaBlitz.plx to include the new namespace.

The Menota export file is now opened into a new tab.

Friday, 2 November 2018

Implemented the possibility to transform emʀooɴ XML to Menota XML. Simply click on Menota Export in the Manuscripts menu point and copy-and-paste the Menota transcription from the Export menu point.

After a lot of preliminary work by Nina Stensaker, the Karlamagnúss saga fragment NRA 61 has been added to the database. I reviewed the transcription and added the missing annotation to leave '1r', with the completion of the transcription following soon.

Tuesday, 9 October 2018

Uploaded the redesigned MenotaBlitz infrastructure.

Sunday, 30 September 2018

Uploaded continued work on AM 764 4to.

Tuesday, 29 May 2018

The website's folder archictecture has been altered slightly. Most importantly, the MenotaBliX.xsd-schema has a new address:


I have added the possibility to mark up foreign words meaningfully. They are now included appropriately in normalized display and searches, as well as in the lexicon. They have, however, not yet been incorporated completely.

I have continued to annotate the AM 619 4to (Old Norwegian Homily Book). However, the annotation is not yet finished.

A transcription of the first page of AM 764 4to has been added to the database. The transcription is by Patrick Aaron Farrugia and the annotation (as far as it has been completed) by Robert Kristof Paulsen (both University of Bergen).

Wednesday, 7 February 2018

I have added tooltips giving morphological information on individual tokens in the normalized display of manuscript pages. Just hover your mouse over them.

It is now possible to make a column selection in the display of results in the Search menu.

Tuesday, 6 February 2018

The Commentary on the Lord's prayer from Holm perg 15 4to (Old Icelandic Homily Book) has been added to the database

Wednesday, 6 December 2017

The new emʀooɴ page is online at its new address:

emʀooɴ is now supported by WOFF (a Web-Open Font Format), so that the user no longer requires to download large and possibly expensive fonts in order to view the contents properly; these fonts are now provided automatically by the server.

The emʀooɴ database

A collection of digital editions, version 3.1.8 (9 August 2019)

The Website

In its present state, the edition allows for a three-level representation of the text (facsimile, diplomatic, and normalized), which can be navigated by choosing individual chapters. All three levels of textual representation are generated from the same basic transcription (which is on a combined facsimile/diplomatic level) annotated with references to a full form lexicon that is embedded in this website's script (see below for details).

The menu for 'Search' allows for search operations on four levels as well as by lemma and morphological categories. 'KWIC' essentially does the same, but shows the results within a five-word context. The 'Graphematics' menu allows search for individual graphematic correlations as well as for individual graphic symbols within a given manuscript.

Much of the JavaScript code behind this website, as well as the CSS used to display it, are influenced and inspired by Alex Speed Kjeldsen's work on Old Icelandic and Old Danish diplomas, and were initially conceived and programmed during the seminar "Digital Diplomatics" at the University of Copenhagen in the fall semester 2015.

The Database

This is the first attempt at editing and annotating a larger Old Norse text by using emʀooɴ (an Etymologically and Morphologically defined Referential Orthography for Old Norse).


If you have questions or comments, or find that something is encoded incorrectly, please contact the editor:


This website, its contents, and the connected scripts may be used and copied according to the Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 4.0 license.

Software recommendations

Make sure that you have JavaScript activated in order for this homepage to work.